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Universal Design for Learning

Building learning environments to meet the needs of all students.

Universal Design for Learning (UDL) is a research-based framework which focuses on adapting the learning environment to meet the diverse needs of all students.

UDL is a way of thinking about creating the interactions that we have with our learners so that they do not have to ask for special treatment, regardless of the types of barriers they may face—time, connectivity, or disability.1

The Universal Design for Learning Guidelines2 are:

  • Provide multiple means of engagement
  • Provide multiple means of representation
  • Provide multiple means of action and expression

Getting started

The Plus One approach: providing multiple means of engagement.

Five tips for UDL

Five tips to incorporate UDL into your teaching.

Frequently asked questions

Answering questions and identifying misconceptions.

See also

Getting started with UDL (PDF)

Download the poster for a summary of UDL and the Plus One approach.

CAST UDL guidelines

Explore the guidelines on the CAST website.

Page added 23/04/2024

  1. Tobin, Thomas J., & Kirsten T. Behling. (2018) Reach Everyone, Teach Everyone: Universal Design for Learning in Higher Education. West Virginia University Press.
  2. CAST (2018). Universal Design for Learning Guidelines version 2.2. Retrieved from
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